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Seagrasses of Indonesia: biodiversity, ecosystem function, and restoration

By Professor Rohani Ambo-Rappe, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries
Hasanuddin University, Indonesia.
Seagrass meadows are valuable coastal marine ecosystems. The extent of seagrass area and their associated ecosystem functions and services have been declining due to many factors. Seagrass restoration is important to prevent such declines and their consequences. In Indonesia, seagrasses grow mostly in mixed species communities; therefore, species richness could influence ecosystem development and restoration. I will show few example of seagrass restoration studies that have been done in Indonesia both using vegetative and generative methods that determining the importance of seagrass biodiversity in improving restoration success and the recovery of seagrasses. We will also show the result of ecosystem services assessment by different seagrass communities grow in different hydrodynamic regimes. The result showed that hydrodynamic affect the seagrass community present in the area leading to affect the seagrass associated organisms, and also the carbon storage potential.
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