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Islam Nusantara: Glocalization and the Rise of Politics of Identity in Indonesia

Ahmad Najib Burhani

Is Islam Nusantara utterly a new form of Islam in this modern time or it is just an old wine in a new bottle? Is it a response to the intensive flow of ideas and money from the Middle East and the threat of ISIS to Indonesia Islam, a response to globalization in the specific form of Arabization? What is the response of Islam Nusantara to the revival of local or indigenous movements, including religious belief systems that often see the dichotomy between “Indigenous religions” vs. “foreign religions” or “local religions” vs. “religions of invaders” in the context of glocalization? This article aims to answer these questions by, first, tracing the origin and the genealogy of the term “Islam Nusantara” and Nusantara itself. To deal with this issue, it will discuss the sociological context of the emergence of Islam Nusantara, particularly in response to trans-national Islam and globalization. Second, it will analyze the controversies around Islam Nusantara within the NU and Indonesian Islam in general, including opposition from NU Garis Lurus and the context of the Jakarta Election in 2017. Third, this article will study comparatively similarities and differences between Islam Nusantara and Islam Berkemajuan of the Muhammadiyah.

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